Location of the project



Cyprus: is the third largest Mediterranean island with an area of 9,251 km2. The physical environment is characterized by a rugged morphology and varied geology. The island is divided into three geomorphological zones, the Troodos Mountain, the Pentadaktylos Range and the Mesaoria plain. The climate of Cyprus is in general at the drier end of the Mediterranean-type climates. The rural landscape is dominant and usually intermixed with natural elements.

Mujib – Jordan: the study area is located within Madaba and Kerak governorates and extends over 3800 km². The area extends from the Jordan Rift Valley (JRV) escarpment in the west at 420 meters below sea level (m.b.s.l.) to the central highlands plateau in the east with elevations exceeding 700 meters above sea level (m.a.s.l). Besides the biodiversity importance of the area, it is also known for its cultural and religious value. In addition, the area is one of the therapeutic tourism destinations in Jordan.

Al Yarmouk catchment area – Jordan: located in the north-western part of Jordan, with a total area 6,790 km², of which 1,160 km² lie within the Jordanian border. Al Yarmouk catchment area has high relief topography with elevations from about 26 m.b.s.l. to about 1,200 m.a.s.l. The catchment comprises of large urban centers (Irbid and Al Ramtha) in addition to extensive agricultural activities (around 50% of the total catchment area), and includes unique heritage and historical places of Jordan.

Epirus-Greece: The study area is located in the Region of Epirus, Greece. The area is predominantly mountainous
characterized by significant landscape diversity. High mountains with dense forest cover below 1,700 m and alpine
meadows at their peaks are traversed by wide cultivated valleys and steep unsettled gorges; cultivated, settled areas and extensive grazed pastures. The rich natural heritage of the area is complemented by its significant historic and cultural heritage, characteristically portrayed through the plethora of traditional settlements, stone bridges and footpaths.

Lesvos-Greece: is the third largest island in the Aegean Sea, with an area of 1,632 km2, and 320 kilometers of coastline. Agriculture and tourism are the main economic activities on the island. Approximately 41.3% of the island’s surface is olive plantations, 34% maquis and garrigue, 17% forest, 4.3% other crops, while the remaining land has various uses such as constructions, wetlands, etc.

Lebanon: the study area is approximately 4,747.40 km², c.45 % of the total area of Lebanon. It contains 15 cazas that reach an altitudinal range of 1,700 m, with exceptions of high peaks in mountainous areas, and low altitudes in deep valleys. Moreover, it encompasses four distinct geomorphological regions, which are: coastal plain, Lebanon mountain range, Bekaa valley, and the Anti-Lebanon mountain range.